Understanding Filesystem Hierarchy Standard

Everything in Linux is configured as a File. Directories, hardware device drivers and partition all are represented by files. The organizational system for Linux Files is known as FILESYSTEM HIERARCHY STANDARD (FHS).

While installing Linux you can mount all Linux directories on single partition  or separate partitions. Establishing separate partitions Limits risk to system. For example; web servers such as APACHE can consume gigabyte of space, crowding your free space. Users will no longer be able to save files, There would be no space to prepare print jobs, and chaos would undoubtedly result. However mounting right directory in separate partitions, users can still work and save files even if the partitions with log files become full.



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